Every field of human endeavor have its own terminology that is associated with it, the stock market is no exemption. Therefore this article seeks to make you get familiar with some of the day-to-day terms of stock trading.
a. Share. Describes the total share holding of a company divided into bits or slices to be purchased by institutions or individuals.
b. Securities. The unit shares you hold are well protected to the extent you invested by the regulatory authorities. Once a share is created, it cannot be destroyed, stolen, and can only be transferred.
c. Equity. Means the distribution and sales of shares are equitably done i.e. once a price is fixed; it remains the same for everybody irrespective of where you live unlike property investment whose prices are affected by location.
d. Stocks. Describes the total volume of shares held by the individual in company.
e. Rally. Means simply that the stock market goes up from whatever point it stood at when the rally started.
f. Blue Chips. Describes solid, quality stocks on the stock exchange e.g. Nestle, First Bank, Cadbury, Nigerian Breweries, Zenith Bank. The term is derived from the blue chip used in gambling especially in poker, which has the highest value.
g. Correction. When the market has moved rapidly in one direction, then changes (usually not so rapidly) in the other direction.
h. Long pull. How high an investor thinks a stock price will go before they sell.
i. Pull back. When the price rise reaches its peak, slows and then stops and begin to decline or fall back, people begin to sell at this point.
j. Bottom out. When the price has gone as low as it can, investors begin to buy again.
k. Liquidity. When we talk about liquidity on a stock exchange, we are talking about how easily and quickly a company shares can be converted to cash. If it is very liquid, it means is easy to trade in the shares.
l. Bull trend. Upward move or trend. It means the market is going up and is doing well, as reflected in share prices.
n. Bullish. Investor who believes that the market prices are going to go up.
o. Bearish. Investor who believes that the market prices are going to go down.
p. Stag. Investor who wants to make profits from new issues of shares. He buys the shares before they are listed. Then sells them at a higher price soon after they are listed.
q. Automated Trading. Is when the buying and selling of shares is done on a computer? dealers enter buy and sell orders for shares into an electronic trading system on a computer. The computer automatically does a transaction with the best selling and buying prices.
r. Brokers Contract Note. The broker's contract note is very important. It shows everything about the deal that the stockbroker has done for you. It tells you how much you have to pay the stockbroker for the shares he has bought for you. If you have sold shares it tells you how much you will receive for the sale of your shares.
s. Certificate of Stockholding. Shows how many shares you own. It is a very important document. You must keep it safe place.
t. Capital Market. Refers to the Stock market, it is a platform for raising money or capital from the investing public to meet company's financial needs.
u. Money Market. Refers to Banks and other financial institutions that offer loans investment opportunities and capital for businesses
By Efetobor John
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John Efetobor is an Investment Communicator, Analyst, Motivational Speaker, Coach, Trainer, Human Developer, Investor and Businessman. He has a Stock Trading Revolution Blog where he writes informative articles on Stocks, stock trading and other Vital aspect of stock investment Visit: http://stocktradingrevolution.blogspot.com for more information.